Facts about Denmark

Danish society is a classic welfare state with a generally high standard of living

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Purchasing power in the Danish capital of Copenhagen is similar to that of other large European cities, and prices are considerably lower than in, for example, New York when housing costs are included.

Many welfare services that strain household budgets in other countries are either free or state-subsidised in Denmark. Medical help, hospital treatment, schooling and elderly care are all free – and daycare for children is far cheaper than in many comparable countries.

This is why the average Dane pays approximately 50 per cent of their income in taxes.

Denmark is a rather small Scandinavian country in Northern Europe. The country covers a total of 43,098 square kilometres, comprising the peninsular of Jutland and more than 400 named islands and 7,314 kilometres of coastline.

The country is populated by approximately 5.8 million Danes. The population density is 137 per square kilometre. A total of 1.2 million people live in the capital of Copenhagen.

Danes are generally very well educated, and living standards are among the highest in the world. Denmark is a parliamentary democracy and a member of the UN, the OECD, the EU, NATO, Schengen, the OSCE, the IMF, the WTO and others.

In several surveys, the Danes rank as some of the people who have the highest life satisfaction in the world. Researchers looking into the criteria for life satisfaction venture one explanation: the Danes place great trust in their fellow citizens because, generally, it is very safe to live in Denmark. Corruption hardly ever occurs, and violence and crime rates are low.

Social conventions in Denmark are relatively informal, both privately and at work – and the dress code in Denmark is rather casual. Many Danes are active in local, voluntary cultural and sports organisations.

Denmark is a parliamentary democracy. The Danish Parliament is called ‘Folketinget’, and the Danes elect their parliamentary representative at least every 4 years.

Denmark is a classic welfare state. Helping fellow citizens when they fall ill, become old or lose their jobs is considered a joint responsibility. The same goes for high-quality childcare and free schooling for everyone. It is also considered an important joint task to secure a green and clean environment.

Denmark is a monarchy, currently with King Frederik as its ceremonial Head of State. The Danish Royal Family has no political influence, but is of great symbolic importance to the Danes.

Denmark is a representative democracy where the most important decisions are made by elected politicians in the national parliament, regional councils or local councils.

The national parliament consists of 179 members elected for a 4-year term or until the Prime Minister calls an election.

Electors may vote for a party list, for one of the candidates on a party list, or for an independent candidate.

Nordic and EU citizens have a right to vote in local government elections upon taking up residence in Denmark. Citizens from other countries have the right to vote in these elections when having resided in Denmark for 4 years. The age qualification is 18 years of age. National elections require both Danish nationality and residence.

Denmark is among the world’s most secularised countries in which religion plays only a minor, often indirect, role in public life. The Danish Constitution grants citizens full religious freedom.

A large percentage of the population are Protestants and members of the national Danish church, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark, which is supported by the state. The nature of the support is primarily managerial and administrative, and membership of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark depends on the individual’s free choice.

A great many other religious communities exist in Denmark. The second-largest religious group comprises immigrants and others with Islamic backgrounds, and the religious landscape has become more varied over the past decades. The general picture remains, however, one of homogeneous secularity since radical religious groups are few and small outside as well as inside the national church.

As a foreign worker in Denmark, you and your partner have free access to Danish courses for up to 3 years. Courses are offered by municipal or private language schools and other education centres. Some companies also do their own courses for employees.

The language schools offer both day and evening courses. Lessons are divided into 3 levels targeted at the individual participant, and are concluded with a final test. Moreover, many online Danish language courses for adults and children are available, and it is also possible to take out language courses from the library.

You can apply as soon as you hold your Danish civil registration number (CPR number) and have registered with your Danish address at the municipality of residence. Contact the local Citizen Service for further information about Danish lessons and fees, language centres and other course providers. Remember to book an appointment.

The weather in Denmark is not extreme, despite the northerly position of the country. Denmark is placed in the temperate climate zone, and the mild weather is due to west winds and the seas that surround Denmark almost entirely.

The coldest month is January, and the warmest is August – although the warmest summer nights are in July. Average daytime temperatures range from 2°C (35.6°F) in January to 20°C (68°F) in August.

The average wind speed is 7.6 metres per second, which explains why Denmark is one of the world's largest exporters of wind turbines. Rainy days are likely all year round, while snowfall only happens once in a while during winter.

Because of Denmark’s northern location in Scandinavia in Europe, the length of daylight hours varies greatly. During winter, sunrise is about 8.00 in the morning and sunset at 15.30, whereas a summer day starts at 3.30 in the morning and sunset is as late as 22.00.

In summer, Denmark and the rest of the EU observe daylight saving time, also known as 'summer time'. It means that clocks are set forward 1 hour in spring, and they are set back again in autumn. Summer time begins on the last Sunday in March and comes to an end on the last Sunday in October.

Summer time was introduced to have more daylight in the evening and thereby save on electricity for lighting. Today, the scheme is observed by approximately 70 countries.

Last updated: 16 April 2024