Disability pension

Your local autority determines whether you are entitled to Disability Pension

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Disability Pension (Førtidspension) may be an option if you have turned 40 and your work capacity is permanently reduced to such a degree that you are unable to work under ordinary terms or in flexible employment. 

You are not entitled to Disability Pension if your loss of work capacity is only temporary or if you are able to improve your work capacity via activation, treatment and such.

In order to receive Disability Pension, you must also fulfill residential and citizenship requirements.

Your local authorities determine whether you are entitled to Disability Pension. To be qualified you must have been enrolled in a resource clarification process before your local authorities can assess your entitlement to Disability Pension. During the assessment, the local authorities will review a range of factors, e.g., your education, your work experience, and your health.

For the purpose of assessing your work capacity, the authorities will plan a rehabilitation plan for you, in collaboration with yourself. The plan describes your resources and opportunities relative to the requirements of the job market.

Special rules may apply to you if you have lived and/or worked in an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or a country with which Denmark has signed a convention agreement.

When you apply for a Danish pension, your application automatically applies as an application for a foreign pension from Switzerland, as well as the EU/EEA countries and convention countries in which you have earned the right to a pension. Udbetaling Danmark will obtain the relevant information and ensure that that the application is forwarded to the foreign pension authority.

You can apply for foreign pension even though you do not receive pension from Denmark.

If you have not lived in Denmark, Greenland or the Faroe Islands for four years, in the period from the age of 15 to the state pension age, you can still receive a national pension if you:

  • are a citizen of an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or the United Kingdom and have for a total of at least three years earned the right to a pension from an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or the United Kingdom, of which at least one year is earned in Denmark.
  • have been working in an EU/EEA country, Switzerland or the United Kingdom
  • have lived in a country with which Denmark has signed a social security agreement. It appears from the agreement that the requirement of three years' residence does not apply.
  • are a refugee. The time you have lived in the country you come from or the country where you are considered a refugee is included in the three-year requirement.

If you aren’t entitled to a full state or disability pension, you might be entitled to part of the pension – also called ‘fractional pension’. Your fractional pension is calculated based on the time you have lived in Denmark during the qualifying period, minus any periods in which you have earned state pension rights from abroad.

Please note, that you will not receive less in personal allowance, heating allowance or health allowance, even if you are only entitled to a fractional pension.

How much you can receive in disability pension depends, among other things, on whether you are single or married/living with a partner.

Your disability pension may be reduced if you or your spouse/cohabitant has an income beyond a certain amount on top of your pensions.

The monthly amount for disability pension in DKK, before tax (2021)
  Single  Married/cohabiting
 Disability pension DKK 19,331 DKK 16,432

You and your spouse/common-law partner can work when you receive a disability pension. However, your disability pension might be reduced depending on your earned incomes.

Incomes that may have an impact on how much you receive in disability pension are, for example:

  • Incomes from personal work, such as salaries, fees, etc.
  • Payments from pensions, such as labour market pensions or fixed-term annuity pensions
  • Contributions and other ongoing benefits, such as compensation payments
  • Incomes from other sources than your disability pension which are taxable
  • Capital gains
Income in DKK per year, before tax (2021)  
 You are: Your disability pension will be reduced if you income(s) exceed:
 Single DKK 81,900
Married/living with common-law partner who is a pensioner DKK 129,900
Married/living with a common-law partner who is not a pensioner DKK 129,900

You can make a preliminary calculation of your disability pension based on your information here:

Your pension can be put on hold if you are capable of providing for yourself

Your pension payment can be put on hold for a period in which you are capable of providing for yourself.

Your municipality will put your pension on hold if they can see that for a long period of time you will have an income that allows you to provide for yourself. You can also apply yourself to have your pension put on hold. If you wish to do so, you must contact your municipality.

You must also contact your municipality to resume the payment of your disability pension if you are no longer working or if you believe that you will make less money from a certain point.

If your ability to work has been significantly improved, your municipality can take away your disability pension. You must contact your municipality if you want more information about the taking away of a disability pension.

If you are applying for one of the following social benefits from abroad, your application must be handled by Udbetaling Danmark, International Pension. 

In the chart below you can see the case processing time limits:

Social benefit Case processing time limits Average processing time 
State pension

13 weeks

35 weeks
Deferred state pension 13 weeks 22 weeks
Personal supplement  13 weeks
14 weeks 
Disability pension
21 weeks
42 weeks 
Dispensation
9 weeks
 
Danish health care insurance
3 weeks
4 weeks 

The case processing time limit period begins the same day Udbetaling Danmark receives your application. 

You can help ensure that your application is processed as soon as possible by:

  • Attaching the required documentation
  • Ensuring that your information in the National Register of Persons (CPR) is correct. 

If you are not satisfied with how Udbetaling Danmark has dealt with your case, you are welcome to contact Udbetaling Danmark, Pension. Sometimes misunderstandings can occur and can easily be resolved with a verbal explanation.

If you disagree with a decision

You may file a complaint about a decision from Udbetaling Danmark if you disagree with it. A decision can for example be classified as the amount you receive in pension – or any other decision that Udbetaling Denmark makes in your case. You will always receive a letter from Udbetaling Denmark, in which the decision will be stated along with a complaint guide. 

Udbetaling Danmark must receive your complaint no later than four weeks after your receipt of the decision. They will then assess the matter again.

If Udbetaling Danmark reject your complaint, they will forward it to the National Social Appeals Board. The National Social Appeals Board is an independent state institution and the highest complaint board for Udbetaling Danmark amongst others. 

Complaints about other matters

Udbetaling Danmark will also consider complaints received about other matters in your case and investigate whether there is anything that should have been done differently. You will always receive an answer to your complaint. 

How to file a complaint

You can file a complaint by calling Udbetaling Danmark or sending your complaint to Udbetaling Danmark, Pension, preferably marked ‘Klage over Pension’.

Contact Udbetaling Danmark, Pension

Last updated: 13 October 2021