Civil servant pensions are financed by the State Budget as a pay-as-you-go system. The pension is calculated based on the civil servant’s pensionable salary on the date of dismissal and the accumulated pensionable service of the civil servant. The maximum pensionable service is 37 years.
Civil servants employed 1 January 2018 or later are entitled to retirement pension (“aktuel pension”) in connection with their retirement by their earliest possible retirement age, which is 3 years before the state pension age.
Civil servants employed before 1 January 2018 are entitled to retirement pension from the age of 60 or 5 years before the state pension age, depending on the time of employment.
In connection with retirement before the state pension age, a permanent deduction will be made in the civil servant’s pension. The size of the deduction depends on the age of the civil servant on the date of retirement. In connection with retirement less than two years after the earliest possible retirement age, the pension will furthermore be reduced by an amount corresponding to 50 percent of the supplement granted to pensioners below the state pension age.
The Danish authority Udbetaling Danmark calculates and pays the civil servant pension.
During the civil servant’s employment, the civil servant can make a preliminary calculation of the civil servant pension at tjenestemandspension.dk, where the civil servant must log on by using MitID. If the civil servant does not have MitID, the civil servant can apply for MitID.
Prior to retirement or dismissal, the appointing authority will initiate a digitized process in which the civil servant must log on at www.tjenestemandspension.dk and approve the information on which the pension will be calculated. Afterwards, the appointing authority will transfer the information to Udbetaling Danmark for calculation.