In Denmark, most tax information and procedures are automated via the self-service system, E-tax (TastSelv). This means that most taxpayers do not even have to file a tax return, as all the relevant information has already been reported to the tax authorities by employers, trade unions, banks, etc.
The following two documents are essential to your tax matters:
Preliminary income assessment
Your preliminary income assessment is kind of your current income and tax budget for the present year. It tells you about your expected income, tax deductions and allowances and the tax rate used by your employer to withhold tax.
Your preliminary income assessment is available each year in November, and it shows the tax authorities’ estimate of your tax for the coming year. If your financial situation changes, you should change your preliminary income assessment in order to pay the right amount of tax throughout the year.
When you make changes to your preliminary income assessment, you also make changes to your tax card which is automatically sent to whoever pays your salary, student grant or pension.
You can see and change your preliminary income assessment in E-tax (logon window).
If you want to see your actual earnings, your tax deductions and allowances and how much you paid in tax last year, you need to check your tax assessment notice (see below).
Tax assessment notice
Your tax assessment notice is a summary of your tax for the past year, showing your income, tax deductions and allowances and tax paid.
It tells you if you are entitled to a refund of overpaid tax or if you have paid too little tax. If you are entitled to a refund, the amount will be transferred to your account automatically in most cases.