The trade unions play a pivotal role in the Danish labour market, and there is a high level of union membership among Danish workers.
All workers are free to join a trade union but membership of a trade union is not obligated by law. An employer may not demand that an employee is a member of a particular union nor that an employee is not a member of a union.
If a worker chooses to become a member of a trade union, their choice of trade union depends on their training/position and workplace. The various trade unions are associated with specific unemployment insurance funds, but a worker does not need to be a member of both a trade union and an unemployment insurance fund – it is possible to be a member of just one of these organisations, independently of the other.
At national level, trade unions negotiate collective agreements with employers’ organisations. In addition, many workplaces have union representatives that represent the trade unions at the company, participate in consultations with the management, and, in some cases, represent the workers in wage negotiations.
Trade unions can also assist with cases regarding pay and working conditions and can help in connection with work-related injury cases, rehabilitation, etc. Some trade unions also offer personal consultancy and career planning insurance, etc. These offers vary according to the industry with which the trade union is associated.